Updated: Jun 27
Starting from 30 June 2021, Cyclist PAB users in Singapore need to pass an online theory test for riding on the road or cycling paths. From 1 Jan 2022, it is required to pass the theory test before one can ride on cycling paths and on roads.
The test covers basic road and path safety. It is intended for riders to get familiar with active mobility rules, road traffic act, general code of conduct, and safe riding behavior. For more information on 100 pages PAB theory test handbook visit LTA One Motoring. You can download the theory book in English, Chinese, Malay and Tamil at One Motoring website.
The actual test will be 40 multiple questions in 40 minutes, and at least 32 questions need to be correct to pass. For sample of multiple choice test click here. For actual test, you can register at Singapore Polytechnic link here
Where to Ride your Bicycle, PAB, PMD and PMA?
Knowing where you can ride and the speed limits are good for yourself and others. Riders can face penalties if caught speeding or riding on the wrong path or road.
Cycling Paths and Park Connectors can be easily identified by markings on the ground (see examples below).
Cycling, Share paths and Park Connector Network (PCN) have a speed limit of 25km/h, and can be used by cyclists and users of PMDs, PABs and PMAs.
Footpaths do not have any ‘Cyclist’ or ‘PCN’ logos. The speed limit for footpaths is 10km/h. Slower bicycles, PMAs and non-motorized PMDs, such as manual kick-scooters, can be used on footpaths while riding of PABs and motorized PMDs is prohibited. As the footpath speed limit is low, better to dismount and walk with your devices especially in crowded area.
Only cyclists and PAB riders are allowed to ride on roads, except on expressways and road-tunnels. Under the Road Traffic Act, it is mandatory for cyclists and PAB riders to wear a helmet when riding on roads.
Rules for cycling
Road safety is a shared responsibility. Keep a firm grip on these on-road cycling rules if you use a bicycle or power-assisted bicycle (PAB) on roads.
1. Obey all traffic signals and travel in the same direction as the flow of traffic. A person must not ride a bicycle, power-assisted bicycle, trishaw or tricycle on a road against the flow of traffic.
2. Ride on left side of road or as near as practicable to the far left edge of the road and get familiar with road signs. For more on signs, refer to page 43 to 69 on the PAB theory test handbook
3. Cycle in a single file on single-lane roads and during bus lane operational hours (otherwise, cycling two abreast is allowed in two or more lanes road or when overtaking).
4. Wear a helmet when cycling on roads. Pillion rider must also wear helmet.
5. Switch on a clearly visible front white and rear red light especially in the dark (7pm to 7am). No red light to the front. Red light is only to the rear. Rear red reflectors can be used on bicycles and power-assisted bicycles.
6. Do not use a mobile communication device while riding.
7. Those under 16 years of age may not ride PABs on roads and may not be carried as a passenger on PABs on roads.
8. DO NOT cycle on Expressways and in Road Tunnels example below:
Ayer Rajah Expressway (AYE)
Bukit Timah Expressway (BKE)
Central Expressway (CTE)
East Coast Parkway (ECP)
Kallang Paya Lebar Expressway (KPE)
Kranji Expressway (KJE)
Marina Coastal Expressway (MCE)
Pan Island Expressway (PIE)
Seletar Expressway (SLE)
Tampines Expressway (TPE)
Any slip road or interchange between any 2 or more of the expressways
Any slip road leading into or out of any of the expressways specified
Viaducts that are linked to expressways like Tuas Viaduct.
Fort Canning Tunnel
Sentosa Gateway Tunnel
Woodsville Tunnels that connect Bendemeer Road, MacPherson Road, Serangoon Road, Upper Serangoon Road
On top of Park Connectors, Cycling paths and Share paths, you can cycle on the roads, underpass, overpass (flyover) or viaducts below:
Nicoll Highway (road speed limit 70 km/h) *
West Coast Highway (road speed limit 70 km/h) *
Lornie Highway (road speed limit 70 km/h) *
Woodlands Checkpoint Viaduct
* Please NOTE that even though cycling is allowed at certain viaducts and highways but due to fast moving vehicles is best to avoid them. Use the smaller arterial roads, or park connectors, or cycling paths instead, especially those whose bicycle handling is not so good and those who cycle at lower speed.
For more information of list of tunnels, road underpass, bridge, flyover and viaduct see the links below
List of underpasses and tunnels in Singapore: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_underpasses_and_tunnels_in_Singapore
This is a list of flyovers, bridges and viaducts in Singapore:
9. Do not tow any other vehicle or devices or be towed.
10. Do not hold into another moving vehicle
11. Riders to give (hand) signals
to ‘stop’ — hold out his right arm horizontally with the forearm vertical and with the palm of the hand to the front;
to ‘slow down’ — hold out his right arm horizontally with the palm of the hand downwards, and move the arm up and down several times;
to ‘proceed to the right’ — hold out his right arm horizontally with the palm of the hand to the front; and
to ‘proceed to the left’ — hold out his left arm horizontally with the palm of the hand to the front.
Signals to be made in sufficient time
12. Do not use the road when a bicycle lane is provided on part of a road (example Changi Tanah Merah coastal road).